The very first written word of mankind was the beginning of Graphics! And it is native land was none other then ancient caves and caverns! The very first symbol they had sketched through cave drawings, paintings, markings on boulders, bone, and ivory would be the foremost indication and evidence where graphics was born, nursed, nourished and grown! Nevertheless, the term Graphic Design was named by William Addison Dwiggins in early 20th Century.
Anthropologists studying prehistoric periods on cave paintings leads us earlier than top of the Paleolithic period from 40,000 - 10,000 B.C., where our ancestors were learning how to design signs and symbols that could be communicated visually; moreover these were successful on leaving their marks. The pioneers of graphics are none other then our own ancestors, who had lived within the caves and sketched their drawing on rocks.
History of graphics design roots to the own ancestors of ancient era where civilization was cultured in caves, and left their drawings and sketches for us on their canvas of cave walls and ceilings.
The first drawings known today are from 6,000 years ago, are those of carved stone and pottery containers. Drawings contained in Egyptian pyramids with signs, symbols and letters are recognized to all also it leads us back 5000 years.
Furthermore, from 600-250 BC evolution on geometrical shape and structures in Europe played a significant role to add mass to designing and sketching. As an applied art of arranging images and text to have an attempt of visual communication; the hand written copy of the Christian Bible "The Book of Kells", created by Irish monks in 9th century AD with rich illustrations is a great one from the evolution of graphic design.
Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg, a German metal-worker as well as an inventor, introduced a printing technology allowing the re-use of person letters. The first book produced by Gutenberg press was "The Incunabula". This book became the standard in the good reputation for book printing and publishing and was a giant leap for printing and publication; though, block stamping on pieces of paper with text and signs carved, was in use in Europe and Asia long before 14th century; however, Graphics of this era was formatting and we today have named it Old Style graphics.
Guttenberg era of graphic design evolution was sluggish, before the 1800s, in Britain the division created between art work and applied art boosted this evolution, plus they successfully published some of the most major graphic design products through the Arts movement. William Morris made a lot of business of publishing books with stylish printings and contributed a substantial role to attract the possibility market as well as commercializing graphics; in addition he was the pioneer for that separation of business design and fine arts.
Another painter from the 1800s was Piet Mondrian whose innovation has greatly influenced today's modern graphic artist. Though he was not a graphic designer, his uses of grids was the foundation of modern day advertisement known as the grid system; widely used by graphic artist of our century today.
With the decadence of classical style, modern graphics engrossed in the early Twentieth century with designs influenced by fine arts. The trademark of early modern fonts may be the sans-serif typeface. In 1928, it "New Typography" compiled by Jan Tschichold systemized the philosophy of modern typography.
Furthermore, the fathers of contemporary graphic design are still considered to be typographers for example Herbert Bayer, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, and El Lissitzky because they broke new ground on typography building techniques and stylizing. Modern computer technology has changed typography production altogether, but for the experimental and evolutionary approach their contribution was highly recognizable.
The booming and flourishing period for graphic design was after World War II; as the American economy thrived, the need for graphic design, particularly on advertisement and packaging sectors blossomed.
I Love NY advertising campaign (1973) and a famous Bob Dylan poster (1968) designed by Milton Glaser are types of applied graphics culture and its influence. Progressions in graphics in the early 20th Century were mostly enthused by technological expansion in printing and also in photography. But at the mid of the century, the raising from the computer era in graphics has faced little backwards as early computers were far weaker and computer memory was limited. However, within the end of this century with the immense development of computers and its corresponding technologies, modern graphics has evolved right into a business that's done almost entirely on computers.
In mid 1980, the appearance of desktop publishing and the launching of software applications like Illustrator and PageMaker introduced an era of designers to computer image manipulation and 3D image creation. Computer graphic design facilitates instantaneous results of layout or typography changes.
Today, graphics the visual communication, is yielded in the rich soil laptop or computer ground, fertilized with latest hardware and software technologies. Graphic artists worldwide plough through computers loaded with the most recent gadgets and gizmos, software and hardware, academic and technology, information and communication, and are generating the new history of graphics within their design laboratories.